Category Archives: adf components

Jdeveloper is out with ADF Essentials

Jdeveloper is out with ADF Essentials – ADF Free to develop and Deploy.. 🙂


af:autosuggestBehavior – intro

This component in adf is used to provide a declarative way of providing suggestions for adf input components
the three main attributes are
suggestItems – mapped to a bean which returns List of SelectItems.
maxSuggestedItems – number of suggestedItems. -1 will fetch everything from the server. if the number is limited then a more link is displayed to fetch remaining items from the server
smartList – this list is added to show intial result. then the entire result from the server is fetched if no operation is done by the user

problem: I have a destination inputText which takes city/state combination. I want to implement an autosuggestbehavior for the inputText. When I enter more than three character the suggestion box should appear which City/States.

1) create an af:inputText, the value of the inputText is mapped to a managedBean to store the value that is entered by the user

<af:inputText label="Destination" id="end"
contentStyle="width: 133px;margin-left:5px;"

//managedbean code
private String dest;
public void setDest(String dest) {
this.dest = dest;

public String getDest() {
return dest;

2) now add an af:autosuggestbehavior tag to the inputText. This takes two attribute values. suggestItems and maxSuggestItems. provide maxSuggestItems as ‘5’ to display 5 values. suggestItems is bounded to the managedbean with a method ‘destination’ which returns a List of SelectItems.

<af:inputText label="Destination" id="end"
<af:autoSuggestBehavior suggestItems="#{mapBean.destination}"

public List destination(FacesContext facesContext,
AutoSuggestUIHints autoSuggestUIHints) {
//create suggestion list
List<SelectItem> items = new ArrayList<SelectItem>();
// the list should activate after three character
if(autoSuggestUIHints.getSubmittedValue().length() >= 3){
//get the binding from the pagedef
DCIteratorBinding bindings = getIteratorBinding("CityStateIterator");

OperationBinding operation = null;
String value = autoSuggestUIHints.getSubmittedValue();

//executing the operation binding that will execute a viewcrtieria from ViewImpl
operation = bindings.getBindingContainer().getOperationBinding("searchByCityState");
//bind variable for city and state
String city = value.substring(0, value.indexOf(","));
String state = value.substring(value.indexOf(","), value.length());
operation.getParamsMap().put("city", city);
operation.getParamsMap().put("state", state.replace(", ", ""));
//execute the view criteria

if (operation.getResult() != null) {
RowSet result = (RowSet) operation.getResult(); // cast to the expected result type
//the result is stored in the list
items = populateSuggestionList(items, result);
//show suggestions
return items;
//populate the values in a List of SelectItems
private List<SelectItem> populateSuggestionList(List<SelectItem> items,
RowSet vo) {
//populate the suggestion items
RowSet rs = vo.getRowSet();
while (rs.hasNext()) {
Row rw =;
items.add(new SelectItem(rw.getAttribute("CITY").toString().trim() + ", " + rw.getAttribute("STATE").toString().trim(),
((String)rw.getAttribute("CITY")).trim() + ", " +

return items;


to learn more you can refer these links

ADF Application Troubleshooting Flowchart – Explained

Initial Stage

Debugging the Issue:

Debugging the problem is the important step in finding the problem in ADF Application. If you are able to debug the application flow then there is a possible chance of pointing out the problem in the first place. Debugging help us to understand where and when the problem arises.

In ADF Application you can debug the issue by placing the breakpoints in Java class file and also in Task Flows. To know more about debugging follow this link

If we are able to identify the problem and fix it then its good. otherwise note down the problem and move to next step

Look for Errors:

After debugging the issues we are sure that the outcome will result in

  • What is the problem?
  • Where is the problem occurring?
  • When is the problem occurring?

Most of the time we have the exception thrown to the user or in the console. Its easy foe advanced user to identify the  cause of the issue when the exception or the error is thrown. Also the exceptions that occur will be self explanatory but its hard for newbie to spot the root cause.

Its always advised to find the exception or error for the clear understanding of the problem. So we have to find a way to get these exceptions thrown. These are the qualified places to look for errors and exceptions

  • JDeveloper Console – For integrated server
  • Weblogic Console – if its a standalone deployment

This link will help you to find the errors and also some standard practice to look for exceptions by preparing the application to log the application events using a Logger file.

After seeing the Exceptions

Search for Errors online

By this time you would have got the exception or the error in your hand. So don’t waste time start searching for the error in

  • To Search in Google efficiently follow this link
  • OTN Forum link is here
  • Documentation ( link is here
  • Oracle Support link is here

Eg. If this is the error that you are getting

oracle.adf.controller.internal.AdfcIllegalStateException: oracle.adf.controller.ControllerException: ADFC-12003: The page flow scope stack is empty.
 at oracle.adfinternal.controller.state.PageFlowStackEntry.getPageFlowScope(
 at oracle.adfinternal.controller.state.ViewPortContextImpl.getCurrentStateInstance(
 at oracle.adfinternal.controller.state.RequestState.setCurrentViewPortContext(
 at oracle.adfinternal.controller.state.ControllerState.setRequestState(
 at oracle.adfinternal.controller.state.ControllerState.synchronizeStatePart1(
 at oracle.adfinternal.controller.application.SyncNavigationStateListener.beforePhase(
 at oracle.adfinternal.controller.lifecycle.ADFLifecycleImpl$PagePhaseListenerWrapper.beforePhase(
 at oracle.adfinternal.controller.lifecycle.LifecycleImpl.internalDispatchBeforeEvent(
 at oracle.adfinternal.controller.lifecycle.LifecycleImpl.dispatchBeforePagePhaseEvent(
 at oracle.adfinternal.controller.faces.lifecycle.ADFPhaseListener$PhaseInvokerImpl.dispatchBeforePagePhaseEvent(
 at oracle.adfinternal.controller.faces.lifecycle.ADFPhaseListener.beforePhase(

Options to search

  1. oracle.adf.controller.internal.AdfcIllegalStateException (common search term)
  2. oracle.adf.controller.ControllerException (common search term)
  3. ADFC-12003: The page flow scope stack is empty (common search term)
  4. ADFC-12003  – you are widening the scope of the search if the above search term is not helping you
  5. oracle.adfinternal.controller.state.PageFlowStackEntry.getPageFlowScope – this will help you to identify when this problem arises
  6. – strike the hammer at the point

Note: If you want to find issues similar to this in otn then give like ‘ADFC-12003 + OTN

Analysis Stage

You will come to this stage if you are not success with the above approach to identify the issue.

Are you trying some new Feature?

Is this a Connection Problem?

  • Check the connection, and make sure if you are able to connect to the DB properly.
  • Make sure that you have configured the Data Source properly.
  • Is the Databindings.cpx points to the correct application module configuration

Is it a common Java Issue?

  • Class path issue – Check if the libraries are there in the class path and if you have added the libraries to the project.
  • Did you add the correct libraries to the project
  • make sure that you ‘Deploy by Default‘ the libaries that you add
  • Common Exceptions – NullPointerException, ArithmeticException, NumberFormatingException etc
  • If these errors are shown inside the framework then check if you are doing what is expected and you are sure to check how it works.

Is this a common JEE Issue?

  • Deployment issue – this can be related to configurations in web.xml, weblogic.xml or weblogic-application.xml. Check if this can be solved using the parameters, filters or servlet mapping in web.xml
  • Session related issue – This can be again related to web.xml and session handling
  • Transaction issue – configurations related to adfc-config.xml

Configuration Issue?

  • All configuration parameters are here

Page Refresh Issue?

  • Check iterator refresh condition property
  • Check the changeeventpolicy in iterator
  • is the partialsubmit or the autosubmit is working as expected
  • cross check with the immediate property
  • Check the partial triggers property

Security Issue?

  • May be related to jazn-data.xml, is the system-data.xml getting updated with the User and Roles
  • the configurations are done in web.xml, weblogic.xml
  • Check security settings in weblogic server.
  • Check security setting for the folders also, sometimes the server needs full permission for some updates. This may also cause some problem

Intermittent Issue?

  • This may be related to Clustering. Cross check with clustering of ADF Application
  • adf-config.xml has some property for clustering. check that

Memory Issue?

  • Increase the Heap size for the application and try
  • make your application more performance to overcome any memory issues

Data Issue?

  • Check if the DB data is proper
  • Run the query in the back end to make sure that you get the proper result

Change not reflecting?

  • Do a clean build and try to run again. make sure you generate the classes again
  • remove drs folder in system folder or remove the DefaultDomain folder or remove the complete system folder and try from scratch

Not sure about the problem?

  • Cross check our logic,never assume that your logic is correct, try to alter the logic ,ask your peer to review the logic (others will have an extra eye on the problem and the approach)
  • Read the Documentation again to check how the component works and make sure that you completely understand it

Note: Most of the issues listed above are common issues, you will get all related issues when you search online or in Oracle Forums. I believe that Only 5% of the issues can be considered as never experienced by others. So most of the issues that the user experience will be already discussed in the future. So do search the Oracle forums or Google to get your issues solved.

Submission Stage

Post a Forum Question

  • This stage is like you are asking for help from the experts who has some expertise in the area.
  • Wait for the answers, if you are not getting an answer ask for it again one or two times
  • If someone post for your question then try to validate that. Don’t ignore if someone who is not an expert replied to our post. Its better to try all possible ways.
  • If you get an answer, try that and update the post about your findings even if the issue is fixed. This will help some other person who is facing similar issue like you

Raise for help from Oracle

If you have tried all possible options above then you have to wait for Oracle to help you.

  • Raise an SR

ADF JavaScript Partitioning

Most of the performance issue at the client side for the ADF application is related to large number of client side scripting files getting download which increases the download time and relatively degrading the performance of the application. Breaking up the JavaScript into small chunks will result in modularity but will increase the round trip.

To resolve this ADF Faces Framework comes up with a concept of partitioning of the huge JavaScript at the client side based on the components used in the pages. That means only limited number of scripts required for the page is loaded at the client which will increase the performance drastically.

ADF Faces groups the components JavaScript files into two groups namely partitions and features. These two groups are defined separately in two configuration files i.e. adf-js-features.xml and adf-js-partitions.xml.

The default files are location at

C:\oracle\Middleware\oracle_common\modules\oracle.adf.view_11.1.1\ adf-richclient-impl-11.jar\

If the application is loaded without using an explicit partitions then adf will use the configuration settings defined in the above specified files and does the partition.
By default, the partitioning is enabled for performance which can be disabled using the initial parameter in web.xml








Now we will see how to create these files
•    Create adf-js-partitions.xml in public_html/WEB-INF folder of your application
•    Create adf-js-features.xml in src/META-INF folder of your application
•    The skeleton of these files looks like


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>

<partitions> – root tag to define partitions, all partitions are defined inside this
<partition> – define the partition, any number of partition is allowed
<partition-name> – name of the partion. For example the javascript will be loaded as dnd-
<feature> – hook reference to the particular feature that defines to load the javascript for the component


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>

<features> – root tag for the features, all features are defined inside this
<feature> – define the feature, any number of feature is allowed
<feature-name> – name of the feature that has to be referenced from the partition file
<feature-class> – javascript class for the component
<feature-dependency> – name of the feature which is extended by the javascript class


When you don’t have these files in place then the loaded scripts are

When you replicate the default content in your configuration files then the partition will be

Let’s have the partitions which defines only two partition forcomponent. It’s better to have AdfBootStrap and AdfCore as part of the partitions as these are the basic components and JavaScript to render some of the key components. You are free to research on these components to come up with your own core and booting features. You can get the base AdfBootStrap and AdfCore partitions and features configurations from

The partition file with the configuration and hook looks like

And the corresponding features are defined as

And when you run your page in internet explored 8 with Developer Tools on (F12) you can see in the script section that our partition is available as a separate script


If we refer to an invalid feature in the partition then we will get


You can download the pdf file of this from here

snippets – to collapse a tree which is expanded

public void rowDisclosureListener(RowDisclosureEvent rowDisclosureEvent) {
System.out.println(":::: RowDisclosureListener Invoked");
int depth = tree.getDepth();
if (depth > 0) {
RowKeySet discloseRowKeySet = tree.getDisclosedRowKeys();
RowKeySet addedRowKeySet = rowDisclosureEvent.getAddedSet();
Iterator addedRowKeySetIter = addedRowKeySet.iterator();
if (addedRowKeySetIter.hasNext()) {
Object firstKey =;
AdfFacesContext adfFacesContext = null;
adfFacesContext = AdfFacesContext.getCurrentInstance();

get handle to the next and previous view of the train model

Add the following jstl function library to the jsp:root tag


and proceed with

text="goto page# #{fn:substringAfter( ,'@')}"
text="goto page# #{fn:substringAfter(controllerContext.currentViewPort.taskFlowContext.trainModel.previous ,'@')}"

some of the values that you can get related to trainModel previous and next actions are


Note: to get the display name from the trainstop you have to manually have the binding for next and previous strings added to the bean and evaluate the text manually like

public class Bean {
    TrainModel train;
    TrainStopModel trainStopModel;
String next;
  String previous;
    public Bean() {
      PageFlowStack stack = StateUtils.getCurrentViewPort().getPageFlowStack();
          if (stack.size() > 0)
            train = stack.peek().getTrainModel();
  public static Object evaluateEL(String el) {
      FacesContext facesContext = FacesContext.getCurrentInstance();
      ELContext elContext = facesContext.getELContext();
      ExpressionFactory expressionFactory =
      ValueExpression exp =
          expressionFactory.createValueExpression(elContext, el,

      return exp.getValue(elContext);
    public void setNext(String next) { = next;

    public String getNext() {

      trainStopModel = train.getNextTrainStop(train.getCurrentTrainStop());  = trainStopModel.getTextAndAccessKey();
        return next;

    public void setPrevious(String previous) {
      this.previous = previous;

    public String getPrevious() {
        if(train != null){
      trainStopModel = train.getPreviousTrainStop(train.getCurrentTrainStop());
          this.previous  = trainStopModel.getActivityId().getLocalActivityId();
        return previous;

ChangeEventPolicy in iterator

By default the iterator will refresh when the user first enters the page. But sometimes you need to control the refresh action of the iterator for some reason.

There are three optional iterator properties Refresh, RefreshCondition,and RefreshAfter which will control the refreshing of the iterator accordingly.

ChangeEventPolicy property in the iterator controls the behavior of the refresh action. It has three properties

none – by default, iterator refreshes according to the refreshcondition specified

push – asynchronous data change in the model layer will be pushed automatically.. used in BAM and Active Data Components

ppr – this will decide on when to refreshes the components bound to the iterator. If the current row of the iterator is changed and when the ppr is occurred the iterator will get refreshed to reflect the changed data