Ever wonder how files are identified correctly as jpeg, gif or even class file for that matter by the OS.
Its all magic.. 🙂
Magic numbers are those which are prefixed at the start of the file in ASCII code to identify the file format.
Some of the common magic numbers are
Class byte code starts with hex - CAFEBABE GIF image files have 'GIF89a' (47 49 46 38 39 61) or 'GIF87a' (47 49 46 38 37 61) JPEG image files begin with FF D8 and end with FF D9 PNG image files begin with "\211 P N G \r \n 32 \n" (89 50 4E 47 0D 0A 1A 0A) ZIP files begin with 'PK' (50 4B) PDF files start with '%PDF' (25 50 44 46)